human rights resources

Ignita Veritas University (IVU) and its law faculty, the Institute of Law & Social Justice, are dedicated to promoting, upholding, defending and enforcing basic human rights and fundamental freedoms. IVU advances this humanitarian mission for the benefit of world civilization, through its Centre for Legal & Economic Security (CLES) as a licensed international law firm, and its support of the autonomous Arbitration Court of International Justice (ACIJ) as a licensed international Court of Law.

On this page, IVU provides download copies of certain key reference materials on established international law, as resources for human rights victims and their lawyers, for Courts and Judges, as well as for non-profit organizations who are in a position to advance human rights and help restore the Rule of Law.


Sources of Codified International Law

The United Nations is not a “parliament”, and thus has no authority to govern over nations or to usurp national sovereignty. Indeed, the UN Charter itself is based upon the fundamental prohibition against states interfering in the sovereignty of any other state. Accordingly, the UN conventions and declarations of rights are not “legislation” and are not actual “laws”, which means that the rights within them cannot be “repealed”.

Human rights and freedoms, which are the basis of the sovereign rights of nations, are not “granted” by the UN, and thus cannot be revoked by it. The legal doctrines of jurisprudence have always held that codified rights are merely evidence and recognition of natural rights, which are inherent in and inalienable to humanity.

“International law” itself is a construct of those universal principles which are generally recognized by the majority of countries over time. Such principles are evidenced by traditional practices called “customary law”, as established by legal scholarship. Both the UN Convention on Diplomatic Relations and UN Convention on Consular Relations declare that “rules of customary international law continue to govern”.

United Nations resolutions merely codify the rules of customary law, serving as a shared reference for those rights and obligations which are widely recognized by the majority of countries. Such UN conventions are the best evidence that certain natural rights are universally recognized, thus serving as a primary source of international law.

Only an international Court of the independent judiciary can interpret and apply human rights and international law. Therefore, once human rights and international laws are codified in any UN convention, no country can effectively deny their existence nor avoid their enforcement by an international Court. The judiciary has the authority to enforce any rights or rules of law from secondary sources of international law, including historical documents or precedent rulings by other international Courts.

No country can circumvent human rights laws by “opting out” of a treaty nor by ratifying with “reservations”. Such tactics are merely a declaration of intent to disregard international law, and do not provide immunity from violations. Under the UN Convention on the Law of Treaties, any “rule set forth in a treaty” can become “binding upon a third State as a customary rule of international law, recognized as such.” (Article 38). The independent judiciary thus has the power to recognize and enforce any rule of human rights or national sovereignty as binding upon all countries.

Treaties by factions of countries which are essentially commercial or regulatory agreements cannot be considered “international law”, but can only be treated as mere contracts. It is a basic doctrine of jurisprudence that any provision of a contract which violates the law is invalid as illegal and thus unenforceable. Likewise, an international Court can invalidate any provisions of a treaty which explicitly or in practice serve to violate human rights or international law.

The following United Nations materials represent the primary body of international law generally used by the Arbitration Court of International Justice (ACIJ). Most of the documents are UN resolutions enacted by a mandatory two-thirds vote of the General Assembly (which is free from the infamous “veto power” which limits only the Security Council), making them binding upon all UN member states. Any others are observed by a sufficient number of countries to be universally enforceable upon all countries as conventional law recognized by the judiciary.

 

International Law Establishing Primary Human Rights

This collection represents the central body of international law establishing the primary human rights, as codified rules which are universally recognized as enforceable natural rights, which are protected and enforceable under international law.

1945 Charter of United Nations

1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights

1959 Declaration of the Rights of the Child

1976 International Civil & Political Rights

1976 International Economic Social & Cultural Rights

1985 Principles of Justice for Abuse of Power

1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child

1998 Right & Duty to Protect Human Rights

2005 Right to Remedy for Human Rights Violations

 

International Law Indirectly Affecting Human Rights

This collection is a body of international law which indirectly affects human rights, addressing areas of law which are increasingly abused or misapplied to suppress freedom of speech and other human rights.  Analysis and proper application of the original rules in these conventions can thus help to restore certain human rights.

1971 Universal Copyright Convention

1979 Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works

 

International Law on Violations of Sovereignty as Crimes Against Humanity

This collection is the core body of international law prohibiting genocide, covert warfare and indirect destabilization of countries by mercenary forces, establishing such violations as crimes against humanity.

1951 Convention on Genocide

1973 Principles of Crimes Against Humanity

1974 Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States

1981 Declaration on Interference in Internal Affairs of States

1989 International Convention on Mercenaries

 

International Law on Resolving Disputes Between States

This collection is the basic body of international law governing the lawful methods of resolving disputes between states, as an alternative to committing violations of international law and human rights and crimes against humanity to coerce other states. Accordingly, many human rights which are the basis for rights of national sovereignty are contained within these conventions.

1969 Convention on the Law of Treaties

1970 Declaration on Cooperation among States

1995 UN Model Rules for Disputes between States

1999 Resolution Guidelines for International Negotiations

2004 Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and their Property

 

International Law on Mandatory Protection of Diplomatic Status

This is the core body of international law requiring the respect and protection of diplomatic status, which prohibits states from violating diplomatic privileges and immunities in furtherance of committing violations of human rights and other international law.

1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations

1963 Vienna Convention on Consular Relations

2002 ICJ (Congo v. Belgium) Official Ruling

 

International Law on Mandatory Protection of Lawyers & Judges

This collection is the body of fundamental international law requiring the respect and protection of judiciary status, the absolute independence of the judiciary, and privileges and immunities of lawyers, judges and prosecutors. These prohibit government officials from interfering in the independent role of lawyers and courts in furtherance of committing violations of human rights and other international law. Several key human rights related to justice and due process of law are included within these conventions.

1985 Basic Principles on Independence of the Judiciary

1990 Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers

1990 Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors